History of Cricket

The Origin and History of cricket is a confusing yet interesting subject. The Evidence of cricket being played in Guildford, Surrey is believed to date back to 1550 (approx). In 1598, Cricket was mentioned in Florio’s Italian-English dictionary. In 1610, Reference to “cricketing” between Weald and Upland near Chevening, Kent also makes the round in the web if one searches “History of Cricket”. But, there has always been a consensus of expert opinion that cricket may have been invented during Saxon or Norman times by children living in the Weald, an area of dense woodlands and clearings in south-east England. 

Let’s check out some eventful dates and try to unearth the History of Cricket

1611The first reference of Cricket played by adults
1624Jasper Vinall, the first man killed playing cricket: hit by a bat while trying to catch the ball – Sussex.
1676The first reference of teams playing with 11 players
1700Cricket match announced on Clapham Common.
1709The first reference of teams using county names
1730First recorded match at Artillery grounds
1744First written laws of cricket and subsequently amended
1745First known women’s match in Surrey
1760End of a rolling ball and hockey styled bat, the straight bat was launched
1767Foundation of the Hambledon Club in Hampshire, the leading club in England for the next 30 years.
1769First recorded century by John Minshull
1787Formation of Marylebone Cricket Club by members of the White Conduit Club, Lords
1795The first case of LBW
1800Cricket reached West Indies and India
1827First Oxford v Cambridge match, at Lord’s. A draw.
1828MCC authorise the bowler to raise his hand level with the elbow.
1833John Nyren publishes his classic Young Cricketer’s Tutor and The Cricketers of My Time.
1835-36The invention of batting pads
1836First North v South match, for many years, regarded as the principal fixture of the season.
1841General Lord Hill, commander-in-chief of the British Army, orders that a cricket ground be made an adjunct of every military barracks.

Source: ESPN/ICC/Wikipedia

History of International Cricket

Year     Events
  1844The first-ever international cricket game was between the US and Canada
1859A team of leading English professionals set off to North America on the first-ever overseas tour
1862the first English team toured Australia.
1868team of Australian Aborigines toured England in what was the first Australian cricket team to travel overseas
1877an England touring team in Australia played two matches against full Australian XIs that are now regarded as the inaugural Test matches.
1878the Australians toured England for the first time and the success of this tour ensured a popular demand for similar ventures in future
1882Ashes is born in Oval, Australia’s first win on English soil
1883England regained the ashes.
1889South Africa became the third Test nation
1900cricket made its one and only appearance at the Olympics, England played France and won. 
1909The Imperial Cricket Conference was formed to administrate the game, primarily from an English perspective, with England, South Africa and Australia being its founder members.
1912First and only triangular Test series played in England, involving England, Australia and South Africa.
1926Victoria scores 1,107 v New South Wales at Melbourne, the record total for a first-class inning.
1928West Indies first international test match
1930New Zealand’s first Test match.Donald Bradman’s first tour of England: scores 974 runs in the five Ashes Tests, still a record for most runs in a Test series.
1932India’s first test match
1934First women’s test, England vS Australia
1948First five-day Tests in England.Bradman concludes Test career with a second-ball duck at The Oval and a batting average of 99.94 – four runs short of 100.
1952Pakistan’s first test match
1953England regain ashes after 19 years
1960First tied test. Australia vs West Indies
1970South Africa excluded from international cricket
1971 First one-day international: Australia v England at Melbourne.
1975First World Cup: West Indies beat Australia in final at Lord’s.
1976 First women’s match at Lord’s, England v Australia.
1978 Graham Yallop of Australia wears a protective helmet to bat in a Test match, the first player to do so
1980 Eight-ball over abolished in Australia, making the six-ball over universal.
1981 England beat Australia in Leeds Test, after following on with bookmakers offering odds of 500 to 1 against them winning.
1982 Sri Lanka’s first Test match
1983India lifted the world cup stunning mighty West Indies
1991 South Africa return, with a one-day international in India.
1993 The ICC ceases to be administered by MCC, becoming an independent organisation with its own chief executive.
1994 Brian Lara of Warwickshire becomes the only player to pass 500 in first-class innings: 501 not out v Durham.
1999Pakistan beat England and won the WorldCup against the odds
2000 South Africa’s captain Hansie Cronje banned from cricket for life after admitting receiving bribes from bookmakers in the match-fixing scandal. Darkest days for the game.Bangladesh’s first Test match.T-20 cricket was born.
2003 Twenty20 Cup, a 20-over-per-side evening tournament, inaugurated in England.
2004 Lara becomes the first man to score 400 in a Test inning, against England.
2006 Pakistan forfeits a Test at The Oval after being accused of ball-tampering.
2007India creates history by beating Pakistan and lifting the inaugural T-20 World Cup
2008IPL was founded. Monkey gate scandal.
2009Terror attack on Sri Lankan cricket team at Lahore, Pakistan. International Cricket boycotted ever since on Pakistan.
2010The spot-fixing scandal happened in August, during Pakistan’s tour of England and then captain Salman Butt, Mohammad Asif and Mohammad Amir were banned by the ICC for their involvement
2012The God, Sachin Tendulkar hangs his boots after 23 years at the top.IPL spot-fixing scandal.
2017Afghanistan and Ireland got Full-Member status
2019England for the first time lifts the 50 over World cup. Zimbabwe Cricket Board got banned.

History of Indian Cricket

1700British brought Cricket to India
1721First match played
1848the Parsi community in Bombay formed the OrientalCricket Club, the first cricket club to be established by Indians
1932 India made its debut as a Test-cricket-playing-nation in England, led by CK Nayudu,
1948 The team’s first series as an independent country was against Australia at Brisbane. Australia were led by Sir Don Bradman while India was led by Lala Amarnath.
1952India’s first ever Test victory came against England at Madras. India’s first series victory was against Pakistan later the same year
1961-62first series win over England
1967-68India won their first series outside the subcontinent against New Zealand.
1970-71The Little Master, Sunil Gavaskar made his debut for India in the West Indies and immediately made an impact, scoring a total of 774 runs for the series and helping India to a 1-0 series win, their first ever win over the West Indies.
1983India won the Cricket World Cup, defeating West Indies in an exciting final.
1985India won the World Championship of Cricket in Australia.
1990 The era of the God of Cricket has begun, debut of sachin
1998Sir Donald Bradman himself remarked that Tendulkar batting style was similar to his, this ended the debate of Lara vs Sachin for many, atleast to Indians.
1999-00The great shock, Fixing saga. Indians started boycotting its religion.
2001 Dadagiri era begins.Epic test series vs Aus, India won 2-1.Match referee Mike Denness banned six India players after what he deemed to be bad behaviour in their Test away to South Africa. The ICC was accused of racism and a bias against India. Wanna Know more? (link)
Sachin Tendulkar, was charged with ball tampering and suspended for one game.
2003 Runners-up in ODI World Cup. lost only to Australia twice, in final too.
2004309 against Pakistan in Multan. Guess who? First Indian to achieve the feat.
2005-06Chappel Saga
2007Horror in ODI World CupWon inaugural T-20 World Cup. Mahi wave start. Full details.
2008 IPL started. The commencement of new style of Indian cricket.Monkeygate scandal.
2011Mahi does it again. India won the ODI World Cup, for the 2nd time.
2012 IPLfixing reports starts surfacing.
2013Few teams were banned along with few famed players. Details….
2017-19No. 1 ranked test team in the world successively for 3 consecutive years.

History of women’s cricket

1745the first known match was played in Surrey.
1811 First recorded women’s county match: Surrey v Hampshire at Ball’s Pond, London
1887 The first women’s cricket club was formed at Nun Appleton in Yorkshire and named the White Heather Club
1926The Women’s Cricket Association was founded
1931the Australian Women’s Cricket Association was founded
1934first Women’s Test match between England and Australia in December
1958The International Women’s Cricket Council was formed.Betty Wilson of Australia became the first player, male or female, to record a century and ten wickets in a Test match against England at the MCG 
1973The first Women’s Cricket World Cup was held in England
1979Lord’s staged its first women’s Test match between England and Australia
1998The Women’s Cricket Association handed over the running of women’s cricket in England to the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB)
2005After the eighth Women’s World Cup, the International Women’s Cricket Council was officially integrated under the umbrella of the International Cricket Council, and an ICC Women’s Cricket Committee was formed to consider all matters relating to women’s cricket.
2009 The first World Cup held under the auspices of the ICC was won by England, the first English team of either sex to win an ICC competition.
2009 England batsman Claire Taylor was named one of Wisden’s five cricketers of the year, the first woman to be honoured with the award in its 120-year history.

History of Indian Women Cricket team

1973Women’s Cricket Association of India was formed.The first Women’s Inter-State Nationals was held in Pune.WCAI received the International Women’s Cricket Council (IWCC) membership.
1974The inter zonal limited overs tournament – the Rani Jhansi Trophy – was held at Kanpur.
1975 International women’s cricket was played in India vs Australia
1976The first Test match won by India was in the presence of 25,000 spectators when West Indies were beaten at Patna
1978 2nd women World cup held in India for the first time.WCAI received Government recognition.
1986-91Gap of cricket.
1995India won their first ODI series vs New Zealand.
1997  the World Cup was held, for the 2nd time. Semi Finalists
2000Again knocked out of semifinals
2004-16Champions of Asia.
2017Runners up of ODI World Cup.
2018For the first time lost the title of Asia cup vs Malaysia

Also Read: History of International Cricket | History of Indian Cricket | History of Women’s cricket |